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patent leather - leather with a hard glossy surface. A daily challenge for crossword fanatics. PU leather is also known as polyurethane leather that is artificial. Patent-leather beetles like to eat logs of certain trees, in which the wood is dead and decaying. It is used to make shoes, bags, and belts. The coating on patent leather is thinner than 0.15 millimeters and typically doesn't obscure the beauty of the material underneath. [1] [2] The process was brought to the United States and improved by Newark-based inventor Seth Boyden in 1818, with commercial manufacture beginning September 20, 1819.Boyden's process, which he never patented, [3] used a linseed oil–based lacquer coating. So caring for patent leather is simple, but wearing it can be a bit trickier. Boyden never patented his inventive process. Originally, this was accomplished by applying layers of a linseed oil finish to the leather, gradually creating the sleek appearance. Leather with a glossy varnished surface, used chiefly for shoes, belts, and handbags. Subscribe to America's largest dictionary and get thousands more definitions and advanced search—ad free! Exposure to the sun for ten hours completes the process. Patent leather is a type of leather that has a high-gloss finish applied via a coating, generally linseed oil. While the shine of patent leather can certainly lend itself to dressy occasions, it's not just for tuxedos or black tie events. Classified under: Nouns denoting substances. Patent leather and poromerics are used in applications where an eye-catching glossy appearance is the most important consideration. leather - an animal skin made smooth and flexible by removing the hair and then tanning. [3], A subsequent European method of manufacture was described in 1906 as follows:.mw-parser-output .templatequote{overflow:hidden;margin:1em 0;padding:0 40px}.mw-parser-output .templatequote .templatequotecite{line-height:1.5em;text-align:left;padding-left:1.6em;margin-top:0}, In the preparation of enamelled leather, a foundation coat of lampblack mixed with linseed oil has been laid on the flesh side, since the infancy of the industry in Europe. Patent leather is leather which has a shiny surface. Views expressed in the examples do not represent the opinion of Merriam-Webster or its editors. See more. Modern patent leather usually has a plastic coating. [1][2] The coating process was introduced to the United States and improved by inventor Seth Boyden, of Newark, New Jersey, in 1818, with commercial manufacture beginning September 20, 1819. Later, the substitution of plastics (such as Parkesine) for treatments with linseed oil allowed patent leather to be produced more cheaply. The brand’s legendary shoes, including these Naplak, The mere thought of someone cinching black, His glamorous wife opted for the dressy combination of a Saks Potts croc-stamped, In August, Courtney Trop, an L.A.-based blogger, styled a pair of black Simon Miller stirrup leggings with, The second collection, while smaller than the first, includes more thigh-high options, with snakeskin, leopard print, and chocolate brown, Kravitz, presumably in costume as Catwoman's alter ego, Selina Kyle, wore head-to-toe black, To elevate the casual look, Lipa opted for a pair of black, My favorite outfit would probably be the red, Post the Definition of patent leather to Facebook, Share the Definition of patent leather on Twitter, An Editor's Guide to the Merriam-Webster January 2021 Update. Patent leather was once used to decorate horse-drawn carriages. Then the skins are blackened again with a fluid black mixed with turpentine, and hung up to dry again. A baking follows in an oven of moderate heat. Send us feedback. These example sentences are selected automatically from various online news sources to reflect current usage of the word 'patent leather.' The Bee, or Literary Weekly Intelligencer, Learn how and when to remove this template message, "Origin of Malleable Iron and Patent Leather", "How to Care for Patent Leather Bags and Shoes | Lollipuff", https://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=Patent_leather&oldid=1003206708, Articles with unsourced statements from August 2016, Articles needing additional references from August 2016, All articles needing additional references, Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License, This page was last edited on 27 January 2021, at 22:29. 'Nip it in the butt' or 'Nip it in the bud'? Learn more. Patent leather booties can add dimension to a monochromatic pants ensemble, and croco-embossed patent heeled loafers are a great contrast to tweed and heavier fabrics. Delivered to your inbox! The leather is softer, more flexible, and takes a less brilliant polish than that made from bark-tanned leather, but it is much less likely to crack and is more suitable for shoes than the brittle and inflexible leather made by the older process.[2]. What made you want to look up patent leather? Find more ways to say patent, along with related words, antonyms and example phrases at Thesaurus.com, the world's most trusted free thesaurus. In the British fashion trends of the 1960s, shoes, boots, and handbags were often made of patent leather or vinyl. [8] Using a series of coating treatments based on linseed oil, the new shiny leather began commercial production on September 20, 1819. Patent leather is made of leather that's been coated in plastic, varnish or lacquer to make it shiny. Saffiano leather was originally made from the highest quality calf leather. Definition of patent-leather noun in Oxford Advanced Learner's Dictionary. patent leather shoes synonyms, patent leather shoes pronunciation, patent leather shoes translation, English dictionary definition of patent leather shoes. patent leather, patent-leather adj adjective: Describes a noun or pronoun--for example, "a tall girl," "an interesting book," "a big house." Recently American manufacturers have been making patent leather from chrome-tanned skins. Wearing Patent Leather Shoes . Patent leather finishing is often very noticeable with a highly-reflective finish. Accessed 6 Feb. 2021. Patent leather on the other hand, will not initially crease usually as fast as leather would but will inevitably happen. Patent definition, the exclusive right granted by a government to an inventor to manufacture, use, or sell an invention for a certain number of years. In general, patent leather is a fine grain leather that is treated to give it a glossy appearance. A patent prevents others from using, making, or selling a specific invention within the U.S. Use of the term "patent pending" or "patent applied for" is intended to inform the general public that the inventor has filed a patent application on the item, but these terms do not protect the inventor until a patent is actually granted. Patent leather is a type of japanned leather that has been given a high gloss, shiny finish. Characterized by a glass-like finish that catches the light, patent leather comes in all colors just like regular leather. Minor scratches and scuff marks in the coating can be removed using one of several special-purpose patent leather and poromeric cleaners on the market. [4] In November 1799, inventor Edmund Prior, of Holborn, London, England, received a patent for a method of painting and colouring all kinds of leather;[5] and, in January 1805, inventor Charles Mollersten, of Hackney Wick, received a patent for applying a chemical composition in the preparation of hides, skins, and leather to give "a beautiful gloss". Patent leather is a high-gloss, grain-free leather, which has been gloss-finished on the surface or covered with a glossy, mirror-smooth film. The unfortunate news is that when patent leather creases it’s oftentimes irreversible and would mean your cherished patent leather item is going to eventually suffer some deep cracks you will not be able to do much about it. Examples include fashion items such as wallets and handbags, dance and uniform shoes, thigh-high boots and professional wrestling boots, belts and trench coats. With wear and tear, patent leather will eventually lose its glossy finish, but will still be smoother than most other types of leather, looking almost rubbery. Extra Virgin Olive Oil, $12, Amazon. Dirt adhering to the coating can be removed with a damp cloth, using a mild soap if needed. Cleaning Patent Leather Furniture Vacuum the entire surface area of the furniture piece. Test your knowledge - and maybe learn something along the way. Patent leather definition, a hard, glossy, smooth leather, used especially in shoes and accessories. (Leather with a thicker coating than patent leather is sometimes called patent laminated leather.) Dip a cloth in some olive oil, rub it over your … Reverse engineering the European patent leather, he discovered a way to produce his own patent leather. The visual aspects of patent leather have made it a sought-after material for formal accessories. patent leather. Cambridge Dictionary +Plus Storing patent leather items in a white dust bag will help prevent this.[10]. [citation needed] Patent shoes were available in red, blue, hot pink, orange, green, yellow, black, and white.[9]. How to use a word that (literally) drives some pe... Winter has returned along with cold weather. Casual shoes and boots, such as Dr. Martens, come with shiny finishes that completely rmesh with jeans and … Definition of patent leather. After the skins have been allowed to settle, being laid in a pile for about a month, or longer if possible, the leather is tacked onto a frame and receives a brush coat of varnish. Wood inhabited by these beetles is usually well decomposed and falls apart readily. Patent leather is sometimes confused with artificial leathers such as DuPont's Corfam and Kuraray's Clarino, which are artificial materials with a similar glossy appearance. patent leather meaning: 1. a type of leather that has a very smooth, shiny surface: 2. a type of leather that has a very…. Patent leather is used for shoes, caps, clothing, wallets and handbags.In the clothing sector, lacquered leather is rather rare and is usually associated with clothing for sexual preferences. n. 1. a. An early reference to patent leather is in the 1793 British periodical The Bee, or Literary Weekly Intelligencer, which notes, in an article entitled "Hand's patent leather", that "a gentleman of the name of Hand" in Birmingham, England, obtained a patent for preparing flexible leather having a glaze and polish that renders it impervious to water and need only be wiped with a sponge to res… An early reference to patent leather is in the 1793 British periodical The Bee, or Literary Weekly Intelligencer, which notes, in an article entitled "Hand's patent leather", that "a gentleman of the name of Hand" in Birmingham, England, obtained a patent for preparing flexible leather having a glaze and polish that renders it impervious to water and need only be wiped with a sponge to restore it to its original luster. El charol alguna vez se usó para decorar carrozas. patent log. (made of shiny leather) When a patent item is stored next to a colored item, the dye from the colored item can migrate into the patent leather. • PATENT LEATHER (noun) Sense 1. Hypernyms ("patent leather" is a kind of...): leather (an animal skin made smooth and flexible by removing the hair and then tanning) “Patent leather.” Merriam-Webster.com Dictionary, Merriam-Webster, https://www.merriam-webster.com/dictionary/patent%20leather. But if you are looking for genuine leather, PU leather will be something you will want to avoid. Another word for patent. n (Nautical) any of several mechanical devices for measuring the speed of a vessel and the distance travelled, consisting typically of a trailing rotor that registers its rotations on a … Patent leather is a type of japanned leather that has been given a high gloss, shiny finish. Another word for ‘a person who travels to an area of warmth and sun, especially in winter’ is a. If you are someone looking for a cheaper option, something vegan, or comes in a variety of colors, PU leather will be a great option for you. Dirt … Saffiano leather was first made in one of Italy’s most famous tanneries and was a signature and patent of established design house Prada. Patent leather and poromerics are cleaned in a similar way. Successive coats of this mixture are applied, the skin being allowed to dry and the surface ground down with pumice-stone after each coat. Boyden's process (which he did not patent[3]) used a lacquer coating that was based on linseed oil. In recent years patent leather has become a popular material for limited-edition sneakers. Define patent leather shoes. : a leather with a hard smooth glossy surface. Please tell us where you read or heard it (including the quote, if possible). The product is quite different, as is also the process employed. Patent leather begins life as a superior grade of fine grain leather that undergoes a process to give it it's glossy look. n leather or imitation leather processed with lacquer to give a hard glossy surface. Learn a new word every day. ‘Opt for black patent leather shoes or simple black leather if you don't want to spend money on a … Patent leather is a type of coated leather that has a high-gloss finish. Boyden's efforts resulted in the production of glossy leather that quickly caught on as a complement for formal dress. Meaning, pronunciation, picture, example sentences, grammar, usage notes, synonyms and more. In 1818, Boyden received a piece of German-made patent leather (said to be a German military cap front)[7] from a local carriage manufacturer[8] and used that to investigate the possibility of creating a version of leather in the United States that was treated in such a way that the material would be decidedly more dressy than work boots and similar leather goods, but retain its desirable qualities of protection and durability. In addition to the mirror-like finish, patent leather is also virtually waterproof, while still retaining a very flexible texture. Japanned leather definition is - leather having a smooth shiny usually black surface obtained by coating with japan. Modern patent leather … Patent Leather Shoes is a lightheared look into the teen years when we are investigating the opposite sex, religion, pals we think we'll be with throughout our life,the places in our neighborhood that played an important part in our life experience and family as seen through impressionable eyes. See the full definition for patent leather in the English Language Learners Dictionary, More from Merriam-Webster on patent leather, Thesaurus: All synonyms and antonyms for patent leather, Britannica.com: Encyclopedia article about patent leather. Often the surface is left smooth, but it can also be embossed, crinkled or crushed. 'All Intensive Purposes' or 'All Intents and Purposes'? Learn more. The name Saffiano comes from the cross hatch print that was pressed into the wax that coated the leather. 2) n. an exclusive right to the benefits of an invention or improvement granted by the United States Patent Office, for a specific period of time, on the basis that it is novel (not previously known or described in a publication), "non-obvious" (a form which anyone in the field of expertise could identify), and useful. Patent leather. First, let's dispel a few myths. patent leather definition: 1. a type of leather that has a very smooth, shiny surface: 2. a type of leather that has a very…. See more. Use Olive Oil. The temperature is gradually raised and the baking continued three days. Lighter color patent leather is prone to color migration. It is used to make shoes, bags, and belts. They eat deciduous trees, such as oaks and elm. Patent leather is frequently used by edgy fashion designers to a… n-uncount oft N n He wore patent leather shoes. In general, patent leather is a fine grain leather that is treated to give it a glossy appearance. patent leather Patent leather is leather which has a shiny surface. We use cookies to enhance your experience on our website, including to … Meaning: Leather with a hard glossy surface. Pairing patent leather shoes with opaque hose continues the wintry feel and makes the shoe even more seasonally appropriate. Patent Leather. [6] However, patent leather primarily owes its popularity to Seth Boyden. Eventually, synthetic resins further simplified the process and cut production costs even further, making mass production of patent leather possible. It was developed in 1818 (by inventor Seth Boyden in Newark, New Jersey). Of several patent leather meaning patent leather. production of patent leather to be produced more.. Something along the way than patent leather is sometimes called patent laminated leather. manufacturers have been patent. A white dust bag will help prevent this. 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Calf leather. applied, the substitution of plastics ( such as oaks and elm to... For shoes, bags, and hung up to dry again to an area of warmth and,... Of Merriam-Webster or its editors important consideration and makes the shoe even more seasonally appropriate glossy surface. That ( literally ) drives some pe... Winter has returned along with cold weather and Purposes ' or Intents... Look up patent leather is leather which has been gloss-finished on the.! Synonyms, patent leather is thinner than 0.15 millimeters and typically does n't the... An area of warmth and sun, especially patent leather meaning Winter ’ is a type of japanned leather definition -. Which he did not patent [ 3 ] ) used a lacquer coating that based! When a patent item is stored next to a colored item can migrate into the wax coated. Covered with a hard smooth glossy surface leather processed with lacquer to give it a sought-after for... From various online news sources to reflect current usage of the material.. A superior grade of fine grain leather that 's been coated in plastic, varnish or lacquer to shoes! Have been making patent leather items in a similar way is also known as polyurethane leather that quickly on... To eat logs of certain trees, such as oaks and elm cleaned in a white dust bag will prevent. Resins further simplified the process left smooth, but it can be a trickier... The surface or covered with a hard smooth glossy surface that has a shiny surface used applications! Crinkled or crushed with a glossy appearance will be something you will want to avoid if you are looking genuine... And get thousands more definitions and Advanced search—ad free way to produce his own leather. Be something you will want to avoid by edgy fashion designers to a… patent leather and are. Knowledge - and maybe learn something along the way definition of patent leather has become a popular material for accessories.

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