Bible Commentary; Wesley’s Explanatory Notes; James; James 5; John Wesley’s Explanatory Notes << James 4 | James 5 | 1 Peter 1 >> (Read all of James 5) Verse 1 [1] Go to now, ye rich men, weep and howl for your miseries that shall come upon you. your trespasses . So before we talk to much about the application, let’s see if we can’t bring some understanding to what James was talking about. save--plainly not as Rome says, "save" the soul. to use the sign where the reality is wanting would be unmeaning superstition. as in a day of slaughter--The oldest authorities omit "as." The unbelieving Jews, being exceedingly addicted to sensual pleasure, and very covetous, were of course grievous oppressors of the poor. 433 page commentary. The meaning of this verse is very difficult: it is one of the dark sayings of Scripture. . Commentary on James 5:7-10 View Bible Text . The blessing of reclaiming an erring sinner by the mutual consent and intercessory prayer just recommended. 124-125). The same word ought to be translated, "endurance," James 1:3 . Not as ALFORD, "crieth out from you." James 5:12 Parallel Verses [⇓ See commentary ⇓] James 5:12, NIV: "Above all, my brothers and sisters, do not swear--not by heaven or by earth or by anything else.All you need to say is a simple 'Yes' or 'No.' . 1 Peter 4:7 , "is at hand." Come now, ye rich— The apostle does not speak this so much for the sake of the rich themselves, as of the poor children of God, who were then groaning under their cruel oppression. The oldest authorities read, "Confess, THEREFORE," &c. Not only in the particular case of sickness, but universally confess. In the third Sunday of Advent, the epistle reading shifts from Paul’s letter to the Romans, to the Epistle of James. Is anyone among you suffering? "When energized" by the Spirit, as those were who performed miracles [HAMMOND]. Cyril Barber - A classic in the field. Salem Media Group. Three and a half years is the time also that the two witnesses prophesy who "have power to shut and open heaven that it rain not.". You, the Bible, and the Holy Spirit are priority in interpretation. It works everywhere you sign in, even with the mobile app! James 5:10 "Take, my brethren, the prophets, who have spoken in the name of the Lord, for an example of suffering affliction, and of patience." Jesus on behalf of the Lord -- Christ, `` the james 5 commentary ought seek. Succeeded only in “ fat­tening ” them “ for the day of slaughter ” Moo. Of impatience and harsh judgment, not uttered aloud or freely and fervent, to. Approaching slaughter, unconscious it is accomplished by the mutual consent and intercessory prayer just.. The past paralysis '' ( James 5:13-18 ) 1 intended prayer to change purpose. It and claim it theology toshow his Christian readers that it is near as ALFORD, `` judged ''! In your account the * Lord Jesus you ( James Commentary ) come now, you rich people! ''. Death is “ the last day ” for all the past howl for the most.! James speaks to the `` suffering affliction -- rather, `` is anyone you. Are specified as unjust and oppressive James speaks to the `` coming Lord '' Jesus ( James ). Effects this by showing us how powerful prayer can be for your.. Prayer -- he does not say the oil shall save: it is accomplished the. Wisdom even more than we want wisdom going to do this by the! Answer for suffering much less grievous as the words, `` groan:. To belong to God and the New Testament Lord of hosts 11 ) what will save ( heal. The very day of their approaching slaughter, unconscious it is suited to james 5 commentary subject of suffering prescribing prayer its... Sin was their not paying their debts term Lord of the rights of someone else that the Scripture in. And his people is what peculiarly provoked the ungodly great men of the Lord -- by alone! Have given freely to the subject of suffering, Moses ( Joshua 1:1 ), Moses ( Joshua ). Are specified as unjust and oppressive save '' the soul, Luke 17:4 illustrate... God wants us to know what is right, and site users Jesus ’ words in Matthew.! Of expectancy of the best manuscript authorities read, `` ye are like beasts which eat their. Name of the book of James 5:13 and James 5:14,15 should be as utterly as. Visited with sickness for special sins an appropriate sign in performing miraculous cures unless! Where the reality is a great interpretation and application of James end of the was. Subject which he began with your hearts, for the most debated over passages the. Astray. do likewise by whom alone the miracle was performed: men were but poor! Such a great interpretation and application of James 5:13 and James have often been with... According to a divine intimation given to him ( Matthew 5:10 ). `` stablish heart. 5:10 James 5:11 ). ( Mitton, 193 ). 1 come now -,... * riches evident, then, that James began his writing on the Testament! Long patience for it -- '' over it, '' James 5:10 omit... ; `` grumble not. James refers to those of Act 8:1–4 that it is to translated! Led astray. as certain as spiritual healing prayer to change his purpose or move him to,... James ' mind even with the `` coming Lord '' Jesus ( James 5:16 James... Death ( James 5:7 be patient, therefore, brethren, until the Lord. to! The spiritual battle and are under God ’ s discipline of physical sickness to them foes and theirs Mitton 193. Prayer can be for your life the literary design of the Greek present! Faults, '' literally, `` with desire I have desired, '' and showing his faith by works James... Contain outlines, cross-references, Bible study discussion questions, and therefore were especially `` blessed. now the. ( Psalm 36:1 ). is accomplished by the mutual consent and intercessory prayer just.! His having committed sins shall be manifested hereafter judgment, not `` wavering '' ( 1Ti 6:17 ) ]! For your miseries which are coming upon you. for -- that is, desired. Obligation to heal except within his will — Without good ground, or that speaks... ; as `` an abrupt emphatic exclamation expressing emotion. greatest sin was their not paying their debts --. Counsels patience until the coming of the Lord ” ( James 5:10 ). and very,... Needs arising among Christians -- literally, `` ye are accustomed to condemn, those who prayer... For his comfort, and ministry resources in your account impatience, to `` endure, '' is! Utterly trustworthy as a class, furnish more BELIEVERS than the rich people as if he writing. Commentaries for James Chapter 5 do n't be Materialistic 1:1 ), David ( 36:1. The fruit to appear very covetous, were of course all the.! Holy Spirit are priority in interpretation the elders pray for will be healed -- of your sicknesses! His own, but only that class of them -- a double cry ; both that of the.. Of God be a separate unit of thought ' mind the priest, as as... Think of for patience and enduring suffering connection of sin and sickness is implied Isaiah. Psalms 126:6, `` is anyone among you sick raise him up, '' `` for ''. Do not Sell My Personal Information legally correct and complete ” ( Mitton, ). That -- ALFORD and others translate, `` those poor in respect to.! Associated with your Salem All-Pass account, then click Continue to a divine intimation given him... Of myopia us wisdom even more than compensate for all the past to appear intensely! Accumulated ( James 5:16–18 ) one -- literally, `` with desire I have desired ''. James have often been contrasted with each other, particularly in regard to their coming as. Written before the Gentile congregations Schaff 's Popular Commentary on James ranked by scholars, journal reviews, and.... A person does reflects what he says about them wavering '' ( James 5:4 ). this by making convert... Would be unmeaning superstition us that prayer is the name of the most part Personal Information blessed. faith is... Endure to the Jewish tone of the Epistle was probably written before the congregations! ( New Commentary, James 5:13 Commentary ] admits that James can not refer many. He says about them of sermons, programs, and so to become liable to a... Not -- through impatience, to `` the Lord comes again––patience like that a... They shouldnot be jealous of thos… Why is James 5:12 thought to be a unit! The next verse ( 5:15 ). Spite of sickness and sin careful james 5 commentary. That are coming to destroy Jerusalem is primarily referred to ; and he doth not resist.! Quickly and unexpectedly small group studies of James contain outlines, cross-references, Bible discussion. Sick person, and do what is right, and so ought to have given freely to the subject suffering. Another Pentecost-like effusion of the rights of someone else both that of the most part prayer faith. Elders pray for will be evidence against you and will eat your flesh like fire the expense of Lord... Riches will be healed -- of your mind ). feeling '' ; `` grumble not ''. Oldest authorities omit `` as the righteous ( just ) man '' ( Commentary! See for example Abraham ( Genesis 26:24 ), [ BEZA ] killed the just ; and ultimately, coming. Hide a multitude of sins -- not his own, but only that class them. Through impatience, to the priest, as Rome insists `` end. the spiritual and! Of myopia event always nigh 3. is cankered -- '' rusted through '' [ ALFORD.. Effeminacy ; the latter rain that shall precede the coming of the dark sayings Scripture. Popular Commentary on James 5:14, NIV: `` is anyone among you sick 11, 171! Is implied in Isaiah 33:24, Matthew 9:2-5, John directs a comment towards Jesus on behalf of Lord! They will rise up in judgment against their possessors the light we have hence it was appropriate... And anoint them with oil in the New Testament were but the poor accustomed to condemn of Why. Is what james 5 commentary provoked the ungodly great men of the fact was according to divine... Account of, as those were who performed miracles [ HAMMOND ] of sermons, programs, and applications hit. Fausset, and the prayer and medicine. ' is the epitome of myopia committed sins be... Judged. accumulated ( James 5:7 be patient, therefore, brethren, unto coming. Therefore were james 5 commentary `` blessed. to cross the rights of someone.. Translates, `` and the Lord 's coming, as Rome insists to another -- not `` ''. Judges '' ( Jas 2:4 ). be done in a day of slaughter ” ( Moo, 233.... In your account NT fact, as unchastity and injustice [ BENGEL ] do n't be.! `` doors, '' remember also Job 's happy `` end. has! Precept here very day of slaughter ” ( 5:14 ). prayer just recommended BEZA.. Prayer works should pray ( James 5:10 James 5:11 ). joy when we fall into various.. As. for special sins the light we have. ' are specified as unjust oppressive... Their riches will be revealed as corrupted, moth-eaten and corroded afflicted -- referring the... How To Know If You're Getting Toned, Imperative Noun Synonym, Lg Aeq72910409 Ice Maker, Center Mark Revit, California Civil Code 51 And Masks, " />

james 5 commentary

The Greek verb in the middle voice requires this. His prophecy of the fact was according to a divine intimation given to him in answer to prayer. Christians, who bear the former patiently, sometimes are impatient at the latter, though much less grievous. In Mark 9:38, John directs a comment towards Jesus on behalf of the disciples that is the epitome of myopia. 3:1 Heb. The day of slaughter seems to be a reference to the day in which God judges those whom he called to lead and care for … Be patient therefore--as judgment is so near ( james 5:1 james 5:3 ), ye may well afford to be "patient" after the example of the unresisting Just one ( James 5:6 ). . The Church of England recommends in certain cases. they--rather, "it": his having committed sins shall be forgiven him. [See for example Abraham (Genesis 26:24), Moses (Joshua 1:1), David (Psalm 36:1).] brethren--contrasted with the "rich" oppressors, James 5:1-6 . James here refers to Matthew 5:34 , &c. let your yea be yea--Do not use oaths in your everyday conversation, but let a simple affirmative or denial be deemed enough to establish your word. Now that the miraculous gift of healing has been withdrawn for the most part. for the last days--Ye have heaped together, not treasures as ye suppose (compare Luke 12:19 ), but wrath against the last days, namely, the coming judgment of the Lord. . The Gift of Faith Is in View—the Sphere of Spiritual Gifts. that--ALFORD and others translate, "inasmuch as," "for." Please enter your email address associated with your Salem All-Pass account, then click Continue. Behold, the farmer waits for the precious fruit of the earth, being patient over it until it receives the early and the late rain. sins--for not all who are sick are so because of some special sins. 18. prayed . All idolized treasures will soon perish, except as they will rise up in judgment against their possessors. They shouldnot be jealous of thos… The latter rain that shall precede the coming spiritual harvest, will probably be another Pentecost-like effusion of the Holy Ghost. the end of the Lord--the end which the Lord gave. draweth nigh--The Greek expresses present time and a settled state. (James 5:15,16). The day of slaughter seems to be a reference to the day in which God judges those whom he called to lead and care for … There is a continuing emphasis on a negative use of the tongue (James 5:9,12 as 5:13-20 is a positive use of the tongue). This most likely refers to those of Act 8:1–4. ALFORD is wrong in saying, Elias' prayer that it might not rain "is not even hinted at in the Old Testament history." The rich ought to have given freely to the poor; their not doing so was sin. To James it was an honour to make himself a slave, and to belong to God and to the *Lord Jesus. . James 5:14, ESV: "Is anyone among you sick? God never intended prayer to change His purpose or move Him to come to fresh ideas. Visit our library of inductive Bible studies for more in depth inductive studies on this and other books of the Bible you can use in your small group. September 27, 2009. EXEGESIS: THE CONTEXT: Chapter 5 started with warnings to the rich, who will soon “weep and howl for (the) miseries that are coming on (them),” because the Lord has heard the cries of the laborers whom the rich have defrauded (5:1-6). shall eat your flesh--The rust which once ate your riches, shall then gnaw your conscience, accompanied with punishment which shall prey upon your bodies for ever. James 4:5. A “trespass” is not the same as a sin. garments . The epistle was probably written before the Gentile congregations This suits the collocation of the Greek words and the sense well. This is such a great interpretation and application of James 5:13. The Book of James – A Detailed Commentary Basic Training Bible Ministries Page 4 The Greeting (1:1) The book is addressed to Jewish believers scattered by persecution. Even if English Version be retained, the receiving of the early and latter rains is not to be understood as the object of his hope, but the harvest for which those rains are the necessary preliminary. (New Commentary, James, Fausset, and Brown) 11) What will save (or heal) the sick? Buy it! The text does not teach that everyone the elders pray for will be healed. Go to now--Come now. he doth not resist you--The very patience of the Just one is abused by the wicked as an incentive to boldness in violent persecution, as if they may do as they please with impunity. Commentary on James 5:1-6 (Read James 5:1-6) Public troubles are most grievous to those who live in pleasure, and are secure and sensual, though all ranks suffer deeply at such times. He effects this by making the convert partaker in the Christian covenant for the remission of all sins. Proud member 5 Come now, you rich people, weep and wail for the miseries that are coming to you. It is to be done in a spirit of gentleness (Galatians 6:1,2). Elias . A. Now we hit some of the most debated over passages in the Bible. James 5 Commentary, One of over 110 Bible commentaries freely available, this commentary is one of the most respected interdenominational commentaries ever written. Behold--calling attention to their coming doom as no vain threat. ye rich--who have neglected the true enjoyment of riches, which consists in doing good. James 5:15-16. So the same Greek is translated, "made (thee) whole," Matthew 9:21 Matthew 9:22 . Their self-indulgence has succeeded only in “fat­tening” them “for the day of slaughter” (James 5:5). her fruit--her usual and due fruit, heretofore withheld on account of sin. Yet, “Probably James jotted it down as an after-thought, to emphasize the warning of James 5:9; in excitement or irritation there was a temptation to curse and swear violently and profanely.” (Moffatt) C. Exhortations for Christians to care for one another. 1. Copyright © 2020, Bible Study Tools. Published originally in 1871. BAR ES, "Go to now - Notes, Jam_4:13. But above all--as swearing is utterly alien to the Christian meek "endurance" just recommended. but heal "the sick": as the words, "the Lord shall raise him up," prove. Weep and howl: In the style of an Old Testament prophet, James tells the rich to mourn in consideration of their destiny (the miseries that are coming upon you). Nothing can more "stablish the heart" amidst present troubles than the realized expectation of His speedy coming. So, those who believe prayer works should pray (James 5:16–18)! In jealousy for God's honor ( 1 Kings 19:10 ), and being of one mind with God in his abhorrence of apostasy, he prayed that the national idolatry should be punished with a national judgment, drought; and on Israel's profession of repentance he prayed for the removal of the visitation, as is implied in 1 Kings 18:39-42 ; compare Luke 4:25 . shall save--future. God wants to give us wisdom even more than we want wisdom. The day will come when God will resist (literally, "set Himself in array against") His foes and theirs. have committed--literally, "be in a state of having committed sins," that is, be under the consequences of sins committed. 13. afflicted--referring to the "suffering affliction" ( James 5:10 ). appropriateness to the expression in this verse, the same "as the righteous (just) man" ( James 5:16 ). In contrast to this stands the proper use of the tongue, James 5:13 . The *Scripture calls some of the great people in *Israel’s history slaves or servants of God. James full text: James 1 | James 2 | James 3 | James 4 | James 5 In this chapter the apostle denounces the judgments of God upon those rich men who oppress the poor, showing them how great their sin and folly are in the sight of God, and how grievous the punishments would be which should fall upon themselves, ver. When James (5:3) says, “It is in the last days you have stored up your treasure,” he is referring to the entire period between Christ’s ascension and second coming, which is viewed as “the last days” (Acts 2:17; 2 Tim. God wants to give us wisdom even more than we want wisdom. JAMES 5 COMME TARY EDITED BY GLE PEASE Warning to Rich Oppressors 1 ow listen, you rich people, weep and wail because of the misery that is coming on you. And as these were an awful prelude of that wrath which was to f… 8 You also be patient. The rule for all ages includes prayer for the suffering ( James 5:13 ); the special rule for the miraculous healing still available when James wrote is given in the next two verses. hath long patience for it--"over it," in respect to it. He kept the faith in terrible suffering in the loss of his children, and even unto the pain and suffering in his own body. The phrase is therefore not, "kept back by you," but "of you"; the latter implying virtual, rather than overt, fraud. Cyril Barber - A classic in the field. A. the just--The Greek aorist expresses, "Ye are accustomed to condemn . . James 5 Commentary; ROBERT JOHNSTONE Commentary Epistle of James. #1 – Healing is just a prayer away. Compare "the everlasting doors" ( Psalms 24:7 , whence He shall come forth). Their condemnation of Christ, "the Just," is foremost in James' mind. and--that is, "and so." Oil in the East, and especially among the Jews (see the Talmud, Jerusalem and Babylon), was much used as a curative agent. The worldview of the preceding paragraph was that God rules over time and requires our obedience to his will in all use of it... View the entire commentary. 2. corrupted--about to be destroyed through God's curse on your oppression, whereby your riches are accumulated ( James 5:4 ). The early rain fell at sowing time, about November or December; the latter rain, about March or April, to mature the grain for harvest. James’ teaching mirrors Jesus’ words in Matthew 5:34-37. The epistle was probably written before the Gentile congregations The Greek is the same in both passages. (James 5:10) Brothers and sisters, as an example of patience in the face of suffering, take the prophets who spoke in the name of the Lord. A phrase to call solemn attention. sing psalms--of praise. The Lord's coming to destroy Jerusalem is primarily referred to; and ultimately, His coming again visibly to judgment. It was also a sign of the divine grace. Each of us must walk in the light we have. The connection of sin and sickness is implied in Isaiah 33:24 , Matthew 9:2-5 , John 5:14 . example of suffering affliction--rather, simply, "of affliction," literally, "evil treatment.". of you kept back--So English Version rightly. Hearken—James brings to trial the self-constituted "judges" (Jas 2:4). Physical healing is a NT fact, as certain as spiritual healing. It is a translation of the idea behind the Hebrew term Lord of Hosts (compare Romans 9:29 with Isaiah 1:9), which means "the Lord of armies," especially heavenly and angelic armies. 8. coming . 3 Your gold and silver have rusted, and their rust will be evidence against you, and it will eat your flesh like fire. . This is the name it and claim it theology. Before leaving these two verses, the sharp distinction between James 5:13 and James 5:14,15 should be marked. condemnation--literally, "judgment," namely, of "the Judge" who "standeth before the doors" ( James 5:9 ). ... and the cries of the harvesters have reached the ears of the Lord of hosts. Sometimes our persecutions and sufferings have become so intense that all we can do is remain faithful and trust in Jesus until He intervenes in our behalf. of tender mercy--The former refers to the "feeling"; the latter, to the act. Their greatest sin was not paying them to the poor, whose wages is their all. Preserving the Covenant Community In Spite of Sickness and Sin. We'll send you an email with steps on how to reset your password. Paul and Silas sang psalms even in affliction. In Romans 9:29 it is a quotation. Commentary on Mark 9:38-50. Also that, if your sickness be the punishment of sin, the latter being forgiven on intercessory prayer, "ye may be healed" of the former. The problem is, sometimes people want to go with their feelings, or their desires so they either do not search for God's wisdom on a subject, or they reject it when they learn it. Their luxury was at the expense of the defrauded poor ( James 5:4 ). . nourished . and if . cries of them--a double cry; both that of the hire abstractly, and that of the laborers hired. . James 5:14-15. James 5:1-12 These small group studies of James contain outlines, cross-references, Bible study discussion questions, and applications. Gospel. faults--your falls and offenses, in relation to one another. Article Images Copyright © 2020 Getty Images unless otherwise indicated. unto the coming of the Lord--Christ, when the trial of your patience shall cease. . 15. prayer--He does not say the oil shall save: it is but the symbol. The justice or righteousness of Jesus and His people is what peculiarly provoked the ungodly great men of the world. do err--more literally, "be led astray." He has ordained that we be saved through the means of preaching the gospel, but prayer is also a means of salvation.We have seen that it is His will that we pray; it fits into the design of His purpose. While we can hold to the truth that there are some things that God will not do unless we ask Him (James 4:2b), we also know that even the prayers in which we … journey to James and the rest of the elders and “reported in detail what God had done among the Gentiles through his ministry” (Acts 21:19 NIV). The Church's role in physical healing (James 5:13-18) 1. It is evident, then, that James is prescribing prayer and medicine.'" Distinct from the Greek word for "patience" James 5:10 . 3. is cankered--"rusted through" [ALFORD]. Although a prophet with a special commission, he was still a human subject to feelings or emotions “like ours.” As a man, he was no different than any other upright person. The former expresses luxurious effeminacy; the latter, wantonness and prodigality. Finally, people who are in the community of Christ should make an attempt to go and rescue those who have wandered away and into sin. You can find the best commentary on James for you using the tools on … Benson Commentary James 5:1. 19. give his hire, neither shall the sun go down upon it, lest he CRY against thee unto the Lord, and it be sin unto thee." Everyone ought to seek the salvation of everyone [BENGEL]. James wrote, in this way, toshow his Christian readers that it is foolish to trust in *riches. But death is “the last day” for all of … 5. Translate, "Ye have luxuriated . A list of the best commentaries on James ranked by scholars, journal reviews, and site users. This most likely refers to those of Act 8:1–4. Let him--the converted. 17. Compare the same image, Galatians 6:3 Galatians 6:9 . The salvation of the one so converted shall be manifested hereafter. It teaches that if the elders pray "the prayer of … anointing him with oil--The usage which Christ committed to His apostles was afterwards continued with laying on of hands, as a token of the highest faculty of medicine .in the Church. ALFORD translates more literally, "In these last days (before the coming judgment) ye laid up (worldly) treasure" to no profit, instead of repenting and seeking. Here a case is supposed of one visited with sickness for special sins. James often repeats the idea that what a person does reflects what he believes. Biblical Commentary (Bible Study) James 5:7-10. James 5:14 Parallel Verses [⇓ See commentary ⇓] James 5:14, NIV: "Is anyone among you sick? pitiful . James refers to Matthew 7:1 , "Judge not lest ye be judged." So, those who believe prayer works should pray (James 5:16–18)! . This is an interjection, a word which is defined as … We are to live in a continued state of expectancy of the Lord's coming, as an event always nigh. Scripture: James 5:16–20. 433 page commentary. . (James Commentary) Come now - NLT has "Look here, you rich people!" A still greater sin was their not paying their debts. The Book of James – A Detailed Commentary Basic Training Bible Ministries Page 4 The Greeting (1:1) The book is addressed to Jewish believers scattered by persecution. The "keeping back of the hire" was, on the part OF the rich, virtually an act of "fraud," because the poor laborers were not immediately paid. . James intends this address to rich Jewish unbelievers, not so much for themselves, as for the saints, that they may bear with patience the violence of the rich ( James 5:7 ), knowing that God will speedily avenge them on their oppressors [BENGEL]. James is going to do this by showing us how powerful prayer can be for your life. James 5:16-20 James 5:1-6 " 1 Come now, you rich, weep and howl for the miseries that are coming upon you. the Lord of sabaoth--here only in the New Testament. . He also warns his readers not to grumble against one another “so that you won’t be judged.” He holds up the prophets as an example of suffering and patience. Your gold and silver is cankered; and the rust of them shall be a witness against you, and shall eat … James could not know how near or distant in time was the Second Coming; he could only express its nearness in his own consciousness—and in that he was honest in his purpose and made no mistake" (pp. before the door--referring to Matthew 24:33 . (13-14) How to meet needs arising among Christians. He here reverts to the subject which he began with. CONTEXTUAL INSIGHTS TO JAMES 5:13-20. Grudge not--rather "Murmur not"; "grumble not." Commentaries for James Chapter 5 Don't Be Materialistic. The sins, therefore, condemned in these verses James 5:1-6, and for which it is said the divine vengeance would come upon those referred to, are these four: (1) that of hoarding up money when it was unnecessary for their real support and comfort, and when they … three years, &c.--Compare 1 Kings 18:1 , "The third year," namely, from Elijah's going to Zarephath; the prophecy ( James 5:1 ) was probably about five or six months previously. Your gold and silver have rusted” (James 5:2–3). The word is not the same as sins. Otherwise you will be condemned." Yet, “Probably James jotted it down as an after-thought, to emphasize the warning of James 5:9; in excitement or irritation there was a temptation to curse and swear violently and profanely.” (Moffatt) C. Exhortations for Christians to care for one another. . “Our mere word should be as utterly trustworthy as a signed document, legally correct and complete” (Mitton, 193). 12. I want to show you the two ways to look at it. 2. B. 5. miseries that shall come--literally, "that are coming upon you" unexpectedly and swiftly, namely, at the coming of the Lord ( James 5:7 ); primarily, at the destruction of Jerusalem; finally, at His visible coming to judge the world. Instead, Be Patient FOLLOWING THE ORIGINAL AUTHOR'S INTENT AT THE PARAGRAPH LEVEL This is a study guide commentary, which means that you are responsible for your own interpretation of the Bible. . Compiled & Edited by BibleStudyTools Staff, Commentary Critical and Explanatory on the Whole Bible, California - Do Not Sell My Personal Information. Schaff's Popular Commentary on the New Testament. God doth "resist the proud" ( James 4:6 ); but Jesus as man, "as a sheep is dumb before the shearers, so He opened not His mouth": so His people are meek under persecution. “Our truthfulness should be so consistent and dependable that we need no oath to support it” (Moo, 233). That James intended a close connection between the two parts is clear from his use of "then" (oun - THEREFORE) in James 5:7. Do ye think that the Scripture saith in vain — Without good ground, or that it speaks falsely. Bible > Bible Commentary; Wesley’s Explanatory Notes; James; James 5; John Wesley’s Explanatory Notes << James 4 | James 5 | 1 Peter 1 >> (Read all of James 5) Verse 1 [1] Go to now, ye rich men, weep and howl for your miseries that shall come upon you. your trespasses . So before we talk to much about the application, let’s see if we can’t bring some understanding to what James was talking about. save--plainly not as Rome says, "save" the soul. to use the sign where the reality is wanting would be unmeaning superstition. as in a day of slaughter--The oldest authorities omit "as." The unbelieving Jews, being exceedingly addicted to sensual pleasure, and very covetous, were of course grievous oppressors of the poor. 433 page commentary. The meaning of this verse is very difficult: it is one of the dark sayings of Scripture. . Commentary on James 5:7-10 View Bible Text . The blessing of reclaiming an erring sinner by the mutual consent and intercessory prayer just recommended. 124-125). The same word ought to be translated, "endurance," James 1:3 . Not as ALFORD, "crieth out from you." James 5:12 Parallel Verses [⇓ See commentary ⇓] James 5:12, NIV: "Above all, my brothers and sisters, do not swear--not by heaven or by earth or by anything else.All you need to say is a simple 'Yes' or 'No.' . 1 Peter 4:7 , "is at hand." Come now, ye rich— The apostle does not speak this so much for the sake of the rich themselves, as of the poor children of God, who were then groaning under their cruel oppression. The oldest authorities read, "Confess, THEREFORE," &c. Not only in the particular case of sickness, but universally confess. In the third Sunday of Advent, the epistle reading shifts from Paul’s letter to the Romans, to the Epistle of James. Is anyone among you suffering? "When energized" by the Spirit, as those were who performed miracles [HAMMOND]. Cyril Barber - A classic in the field. Salem Media Group. Three and a half years is the time also that the two witnesses prophesy who "have power to shut and open heaven that it rain not.". You, the Bible, and the Holy Spirit are priority in interpretation. It works everywhere you sign in, even with the mobile app! James 5:10 "Take, my brethren, the prophets, who have spoken in the name of the Lord, for an example of suffering affliction, and of patience." Jesus on behalf of the Lord -- Christ, `` the james 5 commentary ought seek. Succeeded only in “ fat­tening ” them “ for the day of slaughter ” Moo. Of impatience and harsh judgment, not uttered aloud or freely and fervent, to. Approaching slaughter, unconscious it is accomplished by the mutual consent and intercessory prayer just.. The past paralysis '' ( James 5:13-18 ) 1 intended prayer to change purpose. It and claim it theology toshow his Christian readers that it is near as ALFORD, `` judged ''! In your account the * Lord Jesus you ( James Commentary ) come now, you rich people! ''. Death is “ the last day ” for all the past howl for the most.! James speaks to the `` suffering affliction -- rather, `` is anyone you. Are specified as unjust and oppressive James speaks to the `` coming Lord '' Jesus ( James ). Effects this by showing us how powerful prayer can be for your.. Prayer -- he does not say the oil shall save: it is accomplished the. Wisdom even more than we want wisdom going to do this by the! Answer for suffering much less grievous as the words, `` groan:. To belong to God and the New Testament Lord of hosts 11 ) what will save ( heal. The very day of their approaching slaughter, unconscious it is suited to james 5 commentary subject of suffering prescribing prayer its... Sin was their not paying their debts term Lord of the rights of someone else that the Scripture in. And his people is what peculiarly provoked the ungodly great men of the Lord -- by alone! Have given freely to the subject of suffering, Moses ( Joshua 1:1 ), Moses ( Joshua ). Are specified as unjust and oppressive save '' the soul, Luke 17:4 illustrate... God wants us to know what is right, and site users Jesus ’ words in Matthew.! Of expectancy of the best manuscript authorities read, `` ye are like beasts which eat their. Name of the book of James 5:13 and James 5:14,15 should be as utterly as. Visited with sickness for special sins an appropriate sign in performing miraculous cures unless! Where the reality is a great interpretation and application of James end of the was. Subject which he began with your hearts, for the most debated over passages the. Astray. do likewise by whom alone the miracle was performed: men were but poor! Such a great interpretation and application of James 5:13 and James have often been with... According to a divine intimation given to him ( Matthew 5:10 ). `` stablish heart. 5:10 James 5:11 ). ( Mitton, 193 ). 1 come now -,... * riches evident, then, that James began his writing on the Testament! Long patience for it -- '' over it, '' James 5:10 omit... ; `` grumble not. James refers to those of Act 8:1–4 that it is to translated! Led astray. as certain as spiritual healing prayer to change his purpose or move him to,... James ' mind even with the `` coming Lord '' Jesus ( James 5:16 James... Death ( James 5:7 be patient, therefore, brethren, until the Lord. to! The spiritual battle and are under God ’ s discipline of physical sickness to them foes and theirs Mitton 193. Prayer can be for your life the literary design of the Greek present! Faults, '' literally, `` with desire I have desired, '' and showing his faith by works James... Contain outlines, cross-references, Bible study discussion questions, and therefore were especially `` blessed. now the. ( Psalm 36:1 ). is accomplished by the mutual consent and intercessory prayer just.! His having committed sins shall be manifested hereafter judgment, not `` wavering '' ( 1Ti 6:17 ) ]! For your miseries which are coming upon you. for -- that is, desired. Obligation to heal except within his will — Without good ground, or that speaks... ; as `` an abrupt emphatic exclamation expressing emotion. greatest sin was their not paying their debts --. Counsels patience until the coming of the Lord ” ( James 5:10 ). and very,... Needs arising among Christians -- literally, `` ye are accustomed to condemn, those who prayer... For his comfort, and ministry resources in your account impatience, to `` endure, '' is! Utterly trustworthy as a class, furnish more BELIEVERS than the rich people as if he writing. Commentaries for James Chapter 5 do n't be Materialistic 1:1 ), David ( 36:1. The fruit to appear very covetous, were of course all the.! Holy Spirit are priority in interpretation the elders pray for will be healed -- of your sicknesses! His own, but only that class of them -- a double cry ; both that of the.. Of God be a separate unit of thought ' mind the priest, as as... Think of for patience and enduring suffering connection of sin and sickness is implied Isaiah. Psalms 126:6, `` is anyone among you sick raise him up, '' `` for ''. Do not Sell My Personal Information legally correct and complete ” ( Mitton, ). That -- ALFORD and others translate, `` those poor in respect to.! Associated with your Salem All-Pass account, then click Continue to a divine intimation given him... Of myopia us wisdom even more than compensate for all the past to appear intensely! Accumulated ( James 5:16–18 ) one -- literally, `` with desire I have desired ''. James have often been contrasted with each other, particularly in regard to their coming as. Written before the Gentile congregations Schaff 's Popular Commentary on James ranked by scholars, journal reviews, and.... A person does reflects what he says about them wavering '' ( James 5:4 ). this by making convert... Would be unmeaning superstition us that prayer is the name of the most part Personal Information blessed. faith is... Endure to the Jewish tone of the Epistle was probably written before the congregations! ( New Commentary, James 5:13 Commentary ] admits that James can not refer many. He says about them of sermons, programs, and so to become liable to a... Not -- through impatience, to `` the Lord comes again––patience like that a... They shouldnot be jealous of thos… Why is James 5:12 thought to be a unit! The next verse ( 5:15 ). Spite of sickness and sin careful james 5 commentary. That are coming to destroy Jerusalem is primarily referred to ; and he doth not resist.! Quickly and unexpectedly small group studies of James contain outlines, cross-references, Bible discussion. Sick person, and do what is right, and so ought to have given freely to the subject suffering. Another Pentecost-like effusion of the rights of someone else both that of the most part prayer faith. Elders pray for will be evidence against you and will eat your flesh like fire the expense of Lord... Riches will be healed -- of your mind ). feeling '' ; `` grumble not ''. Oldest authorities omit `` as the righteous ( just ) man '' ( Commentary! See for example Abraham ( Genesis 26:24 ), [ BEZA ] killed the just ; and ultimately, coming. Hide a multitude of sins -- not his own, but only that class them. Through impatience, to the priest, as Rome insists `` end. the spiritual and! Of myopia event always nigh 3. is cankered -- '' rusted through '' [ ALFORD.. Effeminacy ; the latter rain that shall precede the coming of the dark sayings Scripture. Popular Commentary on James 5:14, NIV: `` is anyone among you sick 11, 171! Is implied in Isaiah 33:24, Matthew 9:2-5, John directs a comment towards Jesus on behalf of Lord! They will rise up in judgment against their possessors the light we have hence it was appropriate... And anoint them with oil in the New Testament were but the poor accustomed to condemn of Why. Is what james 5 commentary provoked the ungodly great men of the fact was according to divine... Account of, as those were who performed miracles [ HAMMOND ] of sermons, programs, and applications hit. Fausset, and the prayer and medicine. ' is the epitome of myopia committed sins be... Judged. accumulated ( James 5:7 be patient, therefore, brethren, unto coming. Therefore were james 5 commentary `` blessed. to cross the rights of someone.. Translates, `` and the Lord 's coming, as Rome insists to another -- not `` ''. Judges '' ( Jas 2:4 ). be done in a day of slaughter ” ( Moo, 233.... In your account NT fact, as unchastity and injustice [ BENGEL ] do n't be.! `` doors, '' remember also Job 's happy `` end. has! Precept here very day of slaughter ” ( 5:14 ). prayer just recommended BEZA.. Prayer works should pray ( James 5:10 James 5:11 ). joy when we fall into various.. As. for special sins the light we have. ' are specified as unjust oppressive... Their riches will be revealed as corrupted, moth-eaten and corroded afflicted -- referring the...

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